is a municipality and city in the La
Habana Province of Cuba. The Martyrs
Mausoleum (Mausoleo de los Mártires) in Artemisa is a National Monument
of Cuba. In 2004, the municipality of Artemisa had a population of 81,209.
With a total area of 690 km².
municipality is divided into the barrios of Cañas, Capellanías, Cayajabos,
Dolores Uno, Dolores Dos, Guanímar, Mojanga, Pijirigua, Puerta de la Güira,
Rural, Urbano and Virtudes.
origin of the name of Artemisa is uncertain. It has been argued to have
originated from the Greek goddess (Diana, in the Roman version) that bears the
name or a wild flower also named Artemisia, abundant at the time.
is widely known among Artemiseños by the name Jardin de Cuba (Garden of Cuba).
Its ferric red soil is also an outstanding feature, and provides great fertility
to the area, which produces banana, tobacco, sugar cane, and minor fruit. Due to
the color of the soil, Artemisa is known as Villa Roja (Red Village).
of historical importance include the Cafetal Angerona (named after the goddess
of silence, fertitility of the soil, and protector of Rome), which is currently
in ruins. Its remains reminisce of a period of great abundance, business
development, love affairs, and slavery. The cafetal belonged to the German
entrepenoeur Cornelio Souchay who fell in love with the black Hatian, Úrsula
Lambert. The couple lived their romance secret due to the taboos of the period.
Hotel Campoamor, built by Asturiano Fernando Gonzalez-Campoamor has played an
important role since it was finished in 1911. Many important figures visited the
place, including Rita Longa, Ernest Heminguay, Juan Marinello, Gabriela Mistral,
Ignacio Villa ”Bola de Nieve.” Centrales azucareros (Sugar mills) Pilar and
Lavandero are landmarks of the city. Also, the mansion of sugar magnate, Julio
Patron Saint is Saint Mark the Evangelist. The church of Artemisa is located in
the Park (el parque). The building was renovated due to efforts made by Father
Antonio Rodriguez Dias, who is currently in office, the hard work and
cooperation of many Artemiseños, and generous monetary donations from German
personalities in the history of Cuba were born or lived in Artemisa. Father
Guillermo González Arocha, born in Regla, but whose significant contribution to
the independence of Cuba was carried out while a priest in Artemisa, is
considered an adopted son of the city. This priest also founded a school and had
the cemetery of the city built.
belonged to Pinar del Rio until 1976.